Logistics operations refer to the processes of moving finished products, including from the manufacturer to a distribution center, and then to the end user. The entire logistical process consists of managing inventory, processing orders and shipping packages. Logistics is the efficient flow and storage of products from their point of origin to the point of consumption.
Operationsplanning, on the other hand, is the strategy employed by an organization that affects all aspects of production.
These strategies range from workforce activities to product delivery. A small business requires effective logistical and operational planning to produce products and deliver them to the end user. In military logistics, it is responsible for maintaining the army's supply lines with food, arms, ammunition and spare parts, in addition to transporting the troops themselves. In business operations, operations and logistics managers implement and manage systems for “the efficient deployment of personnel, physical facilities, in-process inventories, finished products, and related information or services,” as defined by the Business Department of the University of Missouri in Saint Louis.
Advance logistics consists of the activities necessary to establish or establish a plan for logistical activities to be carried out. Inbound logistics is one of the main logistical processes that focuses on the purchase and organization of the incoming movement of materials, parts or unfinished inventory from suppliers to manufacturing or assembly plants, warehouses or retail stores. He is particularly concerned about container logistics and the role of the port authority in the maritime logistics chain. However, in my opinion, SCM encompasses everything, while logistics, as defined by The Business Directory, has more to do with the storage and movement of goods.
In military logistics, logistics officers manage how and when to move resources to where they are needed. The Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals defines supply chain management as the planning and management of all supply and procurement, conversion and logistics management activities. In the logistics business, a logistics system is designed at a minimum cost based on the expected level of customer service. The field of operations and logistics focuses on ensuring that the right quantity and quality of materials and goods are produced and delivered to the right recipients in accordance with the schedule.
Tracking, which is an essential part of production logistics due to product safety and reliability issues, is also gaining importance, especially in the automotive and medical industries. Global logistics is technically the process of managing the flow of goods through what is called a supply chain, from their place of production to other parts of the world. Andersen Consulting (now Accenture) first defined the concept of an external logistics provider (4PL) as an integrator that brings together the resources, planning capabilities and technology of its own organization and other organizations to design, create and execute comprehensive supply chain solutions. The Oxford English Dictionary defines logistics as the branch of military science related to the acquisition, maintenance and transportation of material, personnel and facilities.
Chambray also points out that the term logistique was present in the Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française as a synonym for algebra.